Murcia is the main city in the south-east of Spain, and is the seventh most populated city in Spain. It is located in the centre of the Region of Murcia, and it is the region’s primary centre for culture, commerce, administration and tourism. It is an important destination within the Mediterranean axis, being a crossing point for the main roads heading towards the south of Spain.
It benefits from an important network of motorways, connecting it with major neighbouring cities, and is only 30 minutes from the large Alicante International Airport. Furthermore, another international airport, that of Murcia, will soon be joining it. It will be only a 10-minute drive from the city centre. 50 kilometres away is the city of Cartagena, which is a significant industrial hub with a booming tourism potential.
The city of Murcia, surrounded by its famous agricultural land and graced with an exceptional climate, is nowadays an important city in the south of Spain. Murcia is a Spanish city, and is capital of the Municipality and Province of Murcia and the autonomous community of the Region of Murcia.
It is an important city of services in which the tertiary sector has succeeded its former most characteristic recognition as an agricultural exporter, thanks to its famous and fertile land, which became known by the nickname Europe’s Orchard. Its main industries include food, textiles, chemicals, distillation, and the manufacturing of furniture and construction materials.
Murcia is also an important centre with a long university tradition since the first university was founded in 1272. It now has two universities, the public University of Murcia and the private UCAM, which bring around 50,000 students to the municipality.
Although its origins are uncertain, there is evidence to show that it was founded in 825 under the name of Madina Mursiya under the instruction of Abderramán II, probably on an old Roman settlement. During the Middle Ages, Murcia became the capital of Theudimer (10th century). It later became the head of various taifas of growing importance in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries and from 1243-1266 the Crown of Castile became the capital of the Kingdom of Murcia, also making it a voting city in the courts and an episcopal see from 1291.
Its historical and artistic heritage have provided its famous Cathedral, with a baroque façade and mainly Gothic interior, the renowned Casino, with its sumptuous interiors, its large Francisco Salzillo sculptural heritage, and a large collection of Baroque buildings. Culturally, it is known for its abundant folklore, which is especially evident during the Spring Fiestas and the Easter Week processions, which have been declared fiestas of International Tourist Interest. The Consejo de Hombres Buenos of Murcia, which is an example of a common law court for irrigation in the Spanish Mediterranean, has been declared Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.
Murcia, a city with a great deal to offer:
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